The eight oldest colleges in the United States reside in the humble state of New Jersey. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (commonly referred to as Rutgers University or Rutgers), is this college and it is the original and most prominent public university in the state. There are three locations with separate campuses and these are Newark, New Brunswick, and Camden. Rutgers University is a coeducational public research university with several world-renowned programs under its wing.
Rutgers University was founded in 1766 as Queen’s College in New Brunswick, NJ. The college was originally chartered by Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen and Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh, ministers of the Dutch Reformed Church, with the intent of training future generations of ministers in their ecclesiastical tradition. In the next few decades the college faced some financial troubles and was forced to close its doors after the War of 1812 due to the economic recession following the conflict. The college was reopened in 1825 and renamed Rutgers College after the Revolutionary War hero Colonel Henry Rutgers. His donation of a $5,000 bond allowed the college to reopen and stand on a solid financial foundation. Throughout the years more colleges were added to Rutgers University including the College of Engineering, College of Agriculture, School of Education, University College, and Livingston College. The university became the State University of New Jersey through acts of the New Jersey Legislature in 1945 and 1956. The University of Newark, College of South Jersey, and the South Jersey Law School were merged with Rutgers in 1946 and 1950 respectively. These became the Newark and Camden campuses of Rutgers University.
Rutgers University has three campuses in different areas of the state of New Jersey. The main campus is located in New Brunswick and the bordering town of Piscataway. The other campuses, as stated above, are in Newark and Camden. The admissions process is different for the three campuses, as students apply to each one individually.
Rutgers-New Brunswick – The principal campus of Rutgers University consists of 19 undergraduate, graduate, and professional schools which include the School of Arts and Sciences, the School of Communication and Information, the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, the School of Engineering, the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, the Graduate School, the Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, the Graduate School of Education, the School of Management and Labor Relations, Mason Gross School of the Arts, the College of Nursing, the Rutgers Business School and the School of Social Work. There are 36,041 students enrolled here, 28,031 of which are undergraduates.
Rutgers-Newark – This campus was originally founded in 1936 as the University of Newark. It consists of eight undergraduate, graduate, and professional schools which include the Newark College of Arts and Sciences, University College, School of Criminal Justice, Graduate School, College of Nursing, School of Public Affairs and Administration, Rutgers Business School and Rutgers School of Law – Newark. There are 7,307 undergraduates and 4,193 postgraduates enrolled at Rutgers-Newark.
Rutgers-Camden – This is the smallest of the three campuses and has an enrollment of 6,600 students, 3,870 of which are undergraduates. The campus consists of five undergraduate, graduate, and professional schools which include the Camden College of Arts and Sciences, University College, Graduate School, Rutgers School of Business – Camden and Rutgers School of Law – Camden.